The retina is one of the superfine components of our vision responsible for the visual perception. By its composition the retina is highly organized neural tissue, which senses optical information, transforms it into nervous impulse and transmits to the brain through the optic nerve. The visual image is formed in the brain visual centers on the grounds of received information. That is, exactly the retina gives an opportunity to a person to see and to perceive the form, colour and mutual location of surrounding objects.
There are different by its nature retina diseases: inflammatory, inherited, age-related, dystrophic, as well as the retinal detachment. Each of these pathologies fundamentally affects human vision, but the most serious is the retinal detachment.
Retina diseases can appear in people with myopia, hypermetropia, inflammatory and dystrophic eye diseases. In addition stresses, catarrhal and viral diseases, permanent visual loads and physical exertions, bad ecology etc. can cause retinal detachment. The retina can also be changed in middle-aged and elderly populations, owing to gradual atherosclerosis development, as a result of which blood circulation of eyes worsens.
Retina diseases are accompanied by the following symptoms: decrement in visual acuity, seeing spots, floaters, flashes of light, blurring, curving of objects and losses of visual fields. However, initial stages of pathology development can go without symptoms, therefore, if you are in a high-risk group, you should run obligatory vision diagnostics.
Retina diseases can not be detected on one's own. Similarly, self retina treatment is absolutely impossible. For this reason, the retina should be examined by an experienced specialist using high-precision equipment.
The ophthalmologic clinic SVIT ZORU suggests the complex eye examination, which will allow to detect retina diseases. At our clinic you will be able to get an opinion of a highly specialized in retina pathologies doctor. Using noncontact fundus-lenses the doctor will determine the state of your eye ground, the presence of lesions and the degree of their manifestation. For more detailed checkup the scope of diagnostic procedures can be extended since the clinic is equipped with all required facilities: optical coherence tomography and eyeground photography.
Retina treatment depends on the reasons, which caused the pathology:
- Conservative retina treatment is aimed at the improvement of blood circulation in the structures of the retina and metabolism; antiinflammatory, vasohypotonic and vitaminous medicines are administered.
- Laser retina treatment includes therapeutic intervention by low-intensity lasers and surgical retina treatment using laser coagulators. It is used subject to the existence of maculodystrophies and peripheric dystrophies of the retina, as well as their complications (tear and local retinal detachment of the eye). The use of this method can prevent retinal detachment. Its efficiency ranges from 60 to 90%.
Depending on medical conditions preventive (to prevent further retinal thinning and tear) or restrictive (when the tear already exists) laser retina coagulation is performed. Using a special laser, «spot weld» of the retina is made, and consequently «agglutination» (cicatrization) of the tear zone with the underlying eye layers takes place, creating additional points of fixation in the periphery of the retina. Laser retina coagulation is the "gold standard" in treatment of diabetic retinopathy. This method allows to prevent about 50% of complications, which can cause irrecoverable visual function loss. Laser retina coagulation results in blood supply improvement (consequently, feeding and functional capacity of the affected area improve), as well as impedes liquid penetration under the retina and retinal detachment. Laser coagulation does not require general anesthesia, it is performed on an outpatient basis and lasts for 15-30 minutes. The method is noninvasive and safe. The next day you can return to your work.
Laser retina coagulation is the unique method, which prevents many retina diseases.