A halyazion represents a focus of chronic inflammation of the meibomian gland and tarsus. Under the influence of adverse conditions, a blockage of the excretory duct of the meibomian (oil) gland occurs, and consequently the discharge is stored in the glandular cavity, having no chance to come to light. When the microbial flora is added, the inflammatory process develops, around which the connective tissue capsule grows and a halyazion is formed.
A halyazion can affect one or both eyelids. In this case redness and swelling occur. A chalazion is dense and has a round shape to the touch. Pain sensations change, as a rule, from mild to completely painless. Sometimes purulence occurs which may open spontaneously letting out the pus.
In addition to inflammation of the meibomian gland, a chalazion can be caused by improperly treated or undertreated stye, cold-related diseases, inflammation of eyelid margins, acute and chronic diseases of gastrointestinal tract and decrease in systemic immunity of the organism.
Experienced surgeons of the ophthalmologic clinic SVIT ZORU can give you a competent advice, to examine your eyelids condition and to put on proper medication for chalazion treatment.
In the early stages halyazia may be treated at home, in this case ointments and drops are used, which contain antibiotics. Halyazion may be treated using hormonal injections, which are made directly into the halyazion. However, the most effective method of halyazion treatment is considered surgical, when through the incision of the skin or conjunctiva the chalazion capsule with its contents are removed. Operation is made outpatiently under regional anaesthesia, and takes several minutes. Prognoses, as a rule, are favourable, but recurrence of the disease can happen.