Our eyes are the only organ having optically transparent tissues called optical media of the eye. Owing to this, light rays enter the eye and we have the possibility to see.
The ability to distinguish subjects, to perceive light, colors, millions of tones is a great gift to man. But unfortunately there are many eye diseases, which reduce our ability to see the outside world in full.
Regular and detailedvision diagnostics is the best way to protect the eyes against diseases.
Modern diagnostic equipment and up-to-date diagnostic techniques offer the possibility to detect practically all eye diseases: refractive errors (farsightedness, shortsightedness, astigmatism), cataract, glaucoma, retinal pathologies (degenerations, perforations, separations), optic nerve disorders, various inflammatory conditions etc.
How to diagnose eyesight?
The clinic “SVIT ZORU” offers computer-aided diagnosis of eyes for both adults and children. Complex of procedures includes:
- estimation of visual acuity and its correction
- autokeatorefractometry (computer measurement of eye refraction)
- pneumatonometry (noncontact computer measurement of intraocular tension)
- biomicroscopy with constricted pupils (examination of the anterior eye segment using a slit lamp)
- echobiometry (measurement of the anterior and posterior eye segments)
- computer perimetry (definition of visual fields)
- ophthalmoscopy and biomicroscopy with dilated pupils (examination of the posterior eye segment and the retina)
- consultation of a highly skilled doctor who will choose an individual course of treatment.
The examination does not take too much time (40-50 minuets) and is completely painless.
If necessary, when visiting the retina specialist in particular, for more detailed examination of retinal pathology, a number of diagnostic procedures can be increased since the clinic is equipped with all necessary facilities:
- optical coherence tomography
- eyeground photography.
The eye specialists of the clinic “SVIT ZORU” once more direct your attention to the fact that preventive vision diagnostics is the best prevention of illness, and recommend:
- For young people having no eye problems or hereditary risk factors computer-aided diagnosis of eyes is recommended every 3-5 years.
- For people of 40-64 years old - every 2-4 years.
- If you are 65 or more, then vision diagnostics is required every one or two years. However, eye exam frequency depends on individual peculiarities and therefore your eye doctor’s recommendation will be necessary.
From the Textbook on Ophthalmology:
Currently the ophthalmology uses a great number of different methods of eye examination – computer-aided diagnosis of eyes. They differ in goal, technical execution and output information.
Vision diagnostics of every patient should be done in a determinate order and scope including all components of a single diagnostic process.
Practically each eye disorder makes patients consult an eye doctor in regards to their complaints. By the nature complaints are rather varied but very often they are typical enough to give a rather true idea оf pathologic process localization and character.
Anamnesis data help to make a decision on eye disease onset and course.
Vision diagnostics begins with the information about previous and present systemic diseases, among which special attention should be given to diabetes mellitus, hypertensive disease, allergy, persistent virus infections etc. The reason is that eye diseases by definition are often secondary, and therefore therapeutic success relies considerably upon the etiological orientation.
Information about hereditary background of a patient plays a particularly important role. It was established that this factor is of certain importance for the development of quite a number of eye diseases (retinal abiotrophy), anatomical and functional anomalies of the eyes (defective color vision for instance), as well as shortsightedness in some people with myopia.
Then the eye specialist examines the visual organ and evaluates its anatomical and functional health. Long ago Hippocrates admonishing his disciples used to tell them: “The main thing is to look!”. These wise words hold deep meaning. The eye doctor’s advertence is his/her true and inevitable companion in daily work. Even external, merely visual examination of the patient’s face and ophthalmic area enables the observant doctor to gather a considerable amount of valuable diagnostic information.
The examination is followed by diagnostics of the visual organ of a patient using the equipment in accordance with standard procedure. Any examination usually begins with viso- and refractometry. Then the accessory eye organs and the eye itself are examined, transparency of optical media of the eyebulb is estimated and ophthalmoscopy is performed. Afterwards, for health purposes, other methods of examination can be involved.
Computer-aided diagnosis of eyes terminates with a consultation: the eye doctor performs analysis of collected data, makes a diagnosis and accepts a decision regarding the treatment of eye diseases.